We can define traffic shaping by two ways. 1: By interface 2:By Single User
Traffic shaping by interface: By Interface
Traffic shaping by single user: Limiter
We can control bandwidth usage per client with adding download and upload limit. For controlling bandwidth we need to follow these simple steps
1- Select Limiter option under firewall tab.
2- Hit on “+” sign create new limiter
3- Fill some fields and enable this rule. Like as Click on enable switch then add name as Download or upload after that we need to add bandwidth in kb/s or Mb/s etc. we can add description here too.
4- Save and apply changes
Layer 7 Rule: Layer 7 filtering or shaping is identifying traffic at layer 7 of the OSI model. Some time we cal layer 7 as Deep Packet Inspection (DPI).
In TCP/IP, the application layer contains the communications protocols and interface methods used in peer-to-peer communications across an Internet Protocol computer network.
So let see the settings in PFSense about Layer 7
1- Select Traffic shaper option Under Firewall tab then select Layer 7 option.
2- Hit “+” sign to create new layer 7 rule.
3- First Enable this rule by adding check box then add name after that we can add description too
4- Add rule here by clicking on “+” sign. Add Protocol, structure and Behavior
5- Save and Apply Setting
We can add more here by hitting on + sign. More other ports, etc
After adding Layer 7 Rule we need to go firewall section to add layer 7 setting in option Rule under Firewall Tab.
1- Select option rule under firewall tab and find out layer 7 option
2- Pull down layer 7 option and select created layer 7 rule.
3- Save and apply settings.